Golda Meir? Labour, diplomatic Zionist leader and the fourth Prime minister of Israel? he was born like Golda Mabovitch in Kiev (Ukraine) in 1898. When it had eight years of age his family emigrated to the United States. It grew in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, joined a Zionist youth movement, married Morris Myerson, and, in 1921, it immigrated to Palestine, entering like members to the kibbutz Merjavia.
Prime minister of Israel 1969-1974
In 1924 did the Myerson move to Jerusalem and Golda began to redeem a series of charges as official of the Histadrut? General confederacy of Workpeople - happening to be a member of his "internal circle".
Throughout the following three decades Golda Meir was active in the Histadrut, first in the trade union programs and of well-being, then in the Labour Zionist organization and the collection of funds in the exterior, and later in political charges.
Was he nominated a chief of the political section of the Histadrut? destined to use the increasing power of the Histadrut to promote such Zionist targets like the Jewish immigration irrestricta.
When, in 1946, most of the tall leaders of the Jewish community was detained by the British authorities, Golda Meir replaced Moshé Sharett as starter temporary from the political department of the Jewish Agency up to the establishment of the State in 1948.
Hence from now on one redeemed both in the internal Labour Zionist politics and in the diplomatic efforts, including his secret meeting, without success, with king Abdula de Jordania just before the Arab invasion Israel in 1948, in an attempt to achieve an agreement and to avoid the war.
In June, 1948 Golda Meir was nominated the first ambassadress of Israel in the Soviet Union, charge that expired during less than one year. Was member of the Knéset elect in the elections of 1949 and he served like minister of the Work and National Insurance between 1949 and 1956? years of social anxiety and of a high valuation of unemployment, caused by the massive immigration. It implemented social welfare politics, provided housing subsidized to the immigrants and orchestrated his integration in the labor force of the country.
During the following decade (1956-66), Golda Meir practised like Foreign relations minister. It initiated the Israeli cooperation politics with the newly made independent African nations, introducing a program of cooperation based on the experience of development of Israel, which continues up to today.
At the same time, it strained for establishing the relations with the United States and established bilateral relations with the countries of Latin America. Between 1966 and 1968 she was a general Mapai secretary and after the newly created "Alignment" (formed by three Labour features).
After the death of the Prime minister Leví Eshkol in 1969, Golda Meir? the "candidate of consensus"? it was elect to happen to him. In the elections of October, 1969, he drove to his party to the victory.
Shortly after having assumed the charge, the War of Wear? sporadic military actions along the Suez Canal that they increased up to turning into a war to entire scale? it concluded with an agreement of cessation of fire with Egypt.
Although the fire cessation was broken in repeated opportunities by the advance of Egyptian missiles in the front of the Suez Canal, it brought a period of three years of calmness, which broke newly in October, 1973 with the War of Yom Kipur.
How did Prime minister, Golda Meir concentrate big part of his energies on the diplomatic front? mixing skillfully the personal diplomacy with the skillful handling of the mass media.
Provided with a steel will, a warm personality and a grandmother's image, a simple, but very effective rhetoric and a "list of buys", Golda Meir requested successfully financial and military aid in quantities without precedents.
Golda Meir demonstrated a strong leadership during the surprising attack of the war of Yom Kipur, assuring an air mailing of American weapon and staying firm in the terms of the negotiations of separation of forces and the rapid return of war prisoners.
Although the Commission Agranat exonerated it from the direct responsibility for the absence of preparation of Israel for the war, and of having led to his party to the victory in the elections of December, 1973, Golda Meir answered to what thought that it was "the desire of the people" and resigned from his charge in the middle of 1974.
It moved back from the social life and began to write his memoirs, but it was present in the Knéset to greet the Egyptian president Anwar Sadat in his historical visit to Jerusalem in November, 1977.
Golda Meir died in December, 1978, 80 years after age.