Ex-Prime minister of Israel
|Ariel Sharón was born in Kfar Malal in 1928. At the age of 14 years, in 1942, it joined the lines of the Haganá. During the War of the Independence it directed a company of infantry in the Brigade Alexandroni. In 1953 it created and led the unit of special command, I command "101", which carried out a series of operations of countermeasures. In 1956 Sharón was nominated a commander of the Parachutists' Body and he fought in the Campaign of the Sinai. In 1957 he attended to Camberley Staff College in Great Britain.|
Between the years 1958-62 Sharón it served like commander of Brigade of Infantry and like Commander of the School of Infantry. Sharón was present at the School of Right of the University of Tel Aviv. In 1964 there was designated Personnel manager of the North Command and in 1966 he was nominated a Chief of the Department of Training of the Army. Sharón took part in the War of Six Days like commander of an armored division. In 1969 he was nominated a Personnel manager of the South Command.
Sharón moved back from the army in June, 1972, but in 1973 it was called to active military service in the War of Yom Kipur to be at the head of an armored division and to cross the Suez Canal.
In December, 1973 Sharón was chosen like member of the Kneset, resigning one year later to serve like safety adviser of the prime minister of that time Itzjak Rabín, in the year 1975.
In the year 1977 Ariel Sharón was reelect to integrate the Kneset under the list of Shlomtzión. The designated minister of Agriculture for the first government of Menajem Beguin, encouraged the agricultural cooperation with Egypt.
Between the year 1981 to 1983 Sharón served like Minister of Defence, I load in the one that was supported during the War of the Lebanon, which dismembered the terrorist infrastructures of the O.L.P. in the Lebanon. As part of his international politics redeemed a role emphasized on having resumed the diplomatic relations with the African nations that had broken his bonds with Israel during the War of Iom Kipur. In November, 1981 it obtained the first agreement of strategic cooperation with the E.E.U.U., extending safety relations between Israel and several nations. Sharón also was at the head of the campaign that brought to Israel thousands of Ethiopian Jews across Sudan.
Between the year 1984 to 1990 it served like the minister of Industry and Commerce, achieving the signature of the free-trade agreement with E.E.U.U., in 1985.
Between 1990 1992 it got out of debt like the minister of Construction and Housing. Later to the fall of the Soviet Union and together with the waves emigratorias of Russia, it initiated and carried out a program of immigrants' absorption, in Israel, including the construction of 144.000 apartments.
Between the year 1992 to 1996 it integrated the Commission of Foreign Matters and of Defense of the Kneset.
In July, 1996 Sharón was nominated the minister of National Infrastructures, encouraging joint initiatives with Jordan, Egypt and the Palestinians. Sharón was also a President of the Ministerial Commission for the Progress of the Conditions of the Bedouins.
In October, 1998 the Secretary of State was designated, leading negotiations towards a final agreement with the Authority Palestine. Sharón accompanied the prime minister Netanyahu to Wye River Plantation, where it acted like chief of the negotiation.
As the Secretary of State Sharón maintained contacts with American, European, Palestinian and Arab leaders to achieve advances in the peace process. Sharón devoted himself principally to the creation and promotion of such projects like "Flagship Water Project", created by the International Community in order to achieve a long-term solution for the water crisis of the region and a base of pacific relations between Israel, Jordan, the Palestinians and other countries of Middle East.
After the election of Ehud Barak like prime minister, in May, 1999, Sharón was elected a temporary leader of the party Likud, to occupy later the Chief's charge of the Party, in September, 1999.
Ariel Sharón was an elect Prime minister of Israel on February 6, 2001. After the elections of January, 2003, Sharon assumed the Prime minister charge and presented his government to the Knéset on February 27, 2003.
Ariel Sharón has an occupational training in Laws and Studies of Middle East, qualifications that it obtained in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in 1962. Sharón published a book and numerous articles in local and foreign newspapers.
On December 18, 2005, Sharon suffered a relapsing for a light cerebral infarction. Two days later it recovered, to suffer a serious cerebral hemorrhage again on January 4, 2006, while he was resting in his residence in the Desert of the Néguev. Sharón has been in comma since then, and the number two, Ehud ólmert has occupied his place as prime minister in functions.
Sharón is a widower and father of two children.
Source: MFA - Foreign Office of Israel